Invest in Real Estate Investment Trusts or REITs for Income

Investors can passively invest in real estate by buying units of REITs or real estate investment trusts (just like buying shares of a company). So that they don’t have to deal with tenants. Investors buy REITs mainly for their income. So, REITs are suitable for income investors, and retirees. Some REITs pay out distributions monthly, while others pay quarterly.

Types of REITs

  1. Equity REITs are the safer kind as they invest in and own properties. They receive rents from those properties and by law, and they pay out a high portion of that as distributions. (Distributions are like dividends.) That’s why, generally, REITs pay out higher distributions than a typical stock.
  2. Mortgage REITs owns property mortgages. They earn interest from mortgage loans. So, mortgage REITs are the riskier type. That’s also why they sport higher distributions than the equity REITs, sometimes in double digits!

Because I’m primarily a conservative investor, I have only bought equity REITs.

Equity REIT Categories

eREITs can be categorized into retail REITs, office REITs, residential REITs, Healthcare REITs, etc. Some eREITs are categorized by diversified for example if they own properties in retail, office, and industrial.

REIT Distributions act like Dividends but aren’t exactly Dividends

One thing to note is that the distributions from REITs aren’t entirely considered as eligible dividends. If you want to avoid the tax hassle, then, as a Canadian, you would want to buy REITs in the Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA) or the Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP).

Personally though, I like to buy Canadian eREITs in the TFSA, since I can withdraw from it anytime without any tax consequences. If you plan to reinvest the monthly distributions via DRIP (dividend reinvestment plan), then, it doesn’t matter if you buy the units in the TFSA or RRSP. However, note that Canadians can only DRIP full shares/units (cannot DRIP partial shares/units).

Canadians who buy US REITs will find that they need to pay the marginal tax rate on the distributions if bought in the taxable / non-registered account. I heard that Canadian investors who hold some US REITs in the RRSP won’t have withholding tax on the distributions, that is, they’ll receive the full distribution. However, I can’t be certain that that is the case for all US REITs.

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Foreign Dividends with No Withholding Tax – Companies List

Usually there’s a non-resident withholding tax on dividends paid by foreign companies. For example, as a Canadian, the US dividends I receive in my non-registered (taxable) account will automatically get 15% deducted. However, I can recover that by filing for a foreign tax credit. Still, I must pay the marginal income tax rate on those foreign dividends.

So, to save the tax on the foreign dividends, Canadians would buy US dividend stocks in the RRSP instead. However, the point of this article is to record the list of companies which don’t have a withholding tax on the dividends for non-residence. As I’m continuing on my dividend growth investing journey, I’ve collected a list of companies which do not have withholding tax on the dividends for Canadians. That means, if you’re holding these dividend companies in the RRSP or TFSA, you receive the full dividend. If you’re holding them in the non-registered (taxable) account, then, it’s true that there’s no withholding tax on the foreign dividends, but you still need to pay the marginal income tax rate on the dividends.

Buy these companies in your TFSA, and receive their full dividend.

  • BP plc (NYSE: BP) – *yield: 4.87% – an Energy company
  • Royal Dutch Shell plc or simply, Shell (NYSE: RDS.B) – *yield: 4.44% – an Energy company
  • Unilever plc (NYSE: UL) – *yield: 3.52% – a Consumer Staple
  • Westpac Banking Corporation (NYSE: WBK) – *yield: 5.25% – an Australian bank
  • BHP Billiton plc (NYSE: BBL) – *yield: 3.49% – a Basic Materials company
  • HSBC Holdings plc (NYSE: HSBC)
  • Vodafone Group plc (NASDAQ: VOD)

*yield as of August 8, 2014 closing; Note that I collected this list from the web, so there could be inaccuracy. Please let me know if any correction is needed. I will also add to this list as I come across such companies.

Of course, buying the above companies in the RRSP will yield the same result — that there’s no withholding tax on their dividends. However, you get deducted 15% on US dividends in the TFSA, but get the full dividend in the RRSP. So, you probably want to leave the room in your RRSP for US dividend companies instead.

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Invest US Stocks in the Non-Registered Account at Scotiabank – Currency Exchange Fee Tips

My observations in the last year lead me to believe that I should buy US securities under USD/CAD 1.12 at Scotiabank, preferably <= 1.10. Right now, around 1.08 – 1.09 is certainly favorable to buy some US securities which are undervalued though discounted excellent businesses are hard to come by in this fully valued market.

In my self-directed non-registered account, Scotiabank separates the Canadian positions and US positions. Specifically, in the Canadian Account Positions section, all positions remain in the Canadian currency, while in the U.S. Account Positions portion, all positions remain in the USD currency.

US Stocks in the Canadian Account Positions

Each time I buy a US stock here, Canadian dollars is converted to US dollars. Likewise, each time I sell a US stock here, the proceeds is converted back to Canadian currency. And if I want to buy again, I need to convert to USD again. In between each currency exchange, Scotiabank takes a haircut of 2%.

For example, on July 3, 2014, USD/CAD is 1.0627 (shown on Google Finance), while Scotiabank charges 1.0845 (that is a 2.18% difference). In addition to paying the 1.0845 currency exchange fee, I need to pay $9.99 per trade in the currency of the stock purchased. If I buy $1000 worth of shares, that is 1% fee. In total, the fee I would have paid for a trade on July 3, would have been 8.45% + 1%, that is 9.45%. Of course, I buy US stocks, expecting that the currency exchange rate to stay about the same if not US dollars eventually reverting back to the norm of $0.86USD to $1CAN.

To minimize paying for currency exchange (which would trigger the 2% fee by Scotiabank), I only buy non-dividend paying US stocks in the Canadian Account Positions section of my non-registered account.

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Dividend Stocks at a Value: April 2014 Watchlist

I like dividend stocks because they pay out dividends from a part of the earnings. The dividend adds to my total return on top of capital gains that I take if any. As long as I keep my shares, I’m entitled to the dividends that they pay. Using these dividends, I can purchase more shares without adding in new money. On the other hand, as someone in the early stage of accumulation, it might make sense to add in new money along with the incoming dividends to grow my portfolio of stocks faster. This is exactly what I’m doing.

For this month, I looked over my current holdings to see which dividend payers are good values to buy now.

Classic Dividend Companies

  • Coca-cola (NYSE:KO) – yield: 2.99%
  • Procter & Gamble (NYSE:PG) – yield: 3.16%
  • Chevron (NYSE:CVX) – yield: 3.22% (dividend raise expected Q2 2014)
  • Cisco Systems (NASDAQ:CSCO) – yield: 3.25%

Since I’ve written about Coca-cola, Procter & Gamble, and Chevron in my February Dividend Watchlist, I will only write about Cisco this time.

Cisco Systems

Cisco logoCisco Systems designs, manufactures, and sells internet protocol-based networking products, and other products related to the communications and IT industry. Cisco also provides services related to these products and their use. Some of Cisco’s products and services include: Application Networking Services, Networking Software, Routers, Servers, Switches, and Unified Communications. It has an attractive yield of 3.25% right now after raising its dividend by north of 11% this month. Since initiating its dividend in 2011, it has grew at a compounded annual growth rate of 47%. However, that’s largely because its payout ratio expanded from 10% in 2011 to its present 45%. Going forward, Cisco should raise its dividend by around 9% to align with its estimated earnings growth (next 5 years) of north of 9%.

Turnaround Dividend Stocks?

Sometimes there are dividend stocks on sale which aren’t your typical dividend companies. Here are two:

  • BP p.l.c. (NYSE:BP) – yield: 4.53%
  • General Motors (NYSE:GM) – yield: 3.53%

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Look for Safe Dividends for your Income Portfolio


  • low payout ratio does not suggest lots of room for dividend growth
  • companies with wide economic moats are more likely to continue to grow dividends
  • companies with strong balance sheet strength are more likely to continue to grow dividends

Low Payout Ratio does not suggest there’s plenty of room for Dividend Growth

The payout ratio is the amount of earnings paid out in dividends to shareholders. Just because a company has a low payout ratio does not imply that it will continue growing its dividends. Businesses in stable industries tend to have higher payout ratios. For example, it is normal for industries like consumer staples, tobacco, and utilities to have relatively higher payout ratios of 60-70%. Companies such as Coca-cola (NYSE:KO), Philip Morris (NYSE:PM), and Wisconsin Energy Corporation (NYSE:WEC) come to my mind. On the other hand, if a company had higher earnings variability, it would need a higher cushion for the dividend in periods when the company’s profitability is challenged. That is, such a company would have a lower payout ratio. Thus, the payout ratio is just one of the metrics which help determine if the dividend is safe and has potential to grow.

A good way to tell if a company is meant to have a low payout ratio or not is to simply compare its payout ratio to its peers’ payout ratio. Since they’re in the same industry, they’d want to have a similar amount of cushion for their dividends. For instance, Ross Stores (NASDAQ:ROST) and TJX Companies (NYSE:TJX) are both in the cyclical business of apparel retails. Ross has a payout ratio of 16.5, while TJX’s is 13.7. If both companies decide to keep the payout ratio in the teens, the only way they can grow the dividend is to rely on earnings growth. So, estimating the earnings growth of a company becomes a good exercise to help determine the safety of a company’s dividend and its growth.

Of course, a company can choose to grow its dividend at a faster rate than its earnings growth. In this respect, other than with the “help” of earnings growth, the company must raise its payout ratio. An example that I noticed is Qualcomm (NASDAQ:QCOM). It recently grew its dividend by 20% from an annual payout of $1.40 to $1.68, while this year its earnings growth estimation is around 15%.

Companies With Wide Economic Moats are Likely to Continue to Grow Dividends

Companies with economic moats have one or more competitive advantages over peers, and that a wider economic moat protects dividends over long periods of time. Matthew Coffina, from Morningstar, talks about Building a Moat in your Portfolio (pdf link to his slides) from March’s Individual Investor Conference. He lists the 5 sources of a moat:

  • Network Effect – the value of a company’s service increases as more people use it
  • Intangible Assets – patents, brands or regulatory licenses which protect excess returns
  • Cost Advantage – economies of scale, access to a unique asset
  • Switching Costs – it’s too expensive for customers to stop using a product
  • Efficient Scale – a niche market is effectively served by one or a small handful of firms

A company with a wide moat has multiple competitive advantages over its competitors. For example, I think that Coca-Cola’s moat comes from having intangible assets, cost advantage, and possibly efficient scale, as Coca-Cola is a world-renowned brand, and selling its products in more than 200 countries through its distribution system, and the only other big player is Pepsi (NYSE:PEP).

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Oversold or Overbought? Relative Strength Indicator Examples

When to Use the Relative Strength Indicator?

In my book, fundamental analysis always trumps over technical analysis. That said, using both hand-in-hand is useful. After deciding that I like a company’s fundamentals, and that it can be bought at proper valuations, I like using technical analysis to help determine whether it is a good time to buy. Looking at the relative strength indicator or the RSI is a simple way to tell whether a stock is currently overbought or oversold. Investopedia defines RSI as “A technical momentum indicator that compares the magnitude of recent gains to recent losses in an attempt to determine overbought and oversold conditions of an asset.” When the RSI reaches 30 or under, the stock is considered oversold. When the RSI reaches 70, the stock is considered overbought.

RSI Example with Bed, Bath & Beyond

Just because the stock price reaches RSI 30, it could still keep going down. At the top of the Bed, Bath & Beyond (NYSE:BBBY) daily chart below, we see the RSI, indicating oversold for as long as month!

Bed, Bath & Beyond Daily Chart


RSI Example with Union Pacific

On the contrary, a fundamentally strong company might seldom hit the RSI 30 area. Even when Union Pacific (NYSE:UNP) hit RSI 70 (became overbought), the price didn’t go down much, and only traded sideways for awhile. The sideways trading led the RSI to get back to 50, before the price went higher again.

Union Pacific Weekly Chart


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Dividend Stocks to Buy: February 2014 Watchlist

With the recent dip in the market, it is time to shop for some blue chip companies for good yields and growing income.

For this month, I came up with these dividend payers.

Blue Chip Dividend Stocks

These are companies which have grown their dividends for over 15 years. Most generate revenue from different parts of the world.

  • Chevron (NYSE:CVX) – yield: 3.57% (next expected dividend raise: Q2 2014)
  • Coca-Cola (NYSE:KO) – yield: 2.95% (next expected dividend raise: Q1 2014)
  • International Business Machines (NYSE:IBM) – yield: 2.14% (next expected dividend raise: Q2 2014)
  • Procter & Gamble (NYSE:PG) – yield: 3.11% (next expected dividend raise: Q2 2014)


Chevron logoChevron is a big oil company, which pays an attractive dividend of over 3.5%, higher than its 5-year average of 3.3%. It’s paying out 31% of its earnings for its dividends, indicating there’s room for it to grow. Furthermore, Morningstar gives it 4-stars, meaning the shares are currently undervalued. I usually try to get some Chevron starting at the 3.5% yield, and that’s what I did recently. Furthermore, if history is telling, then, having raised dividends for 26 years in a row, CVX will be increasing its dividend in Q2 of 2014, which is very soon!


Coca-cola logoCoca-cola should be a familiar brand name for all who lives in a first world country. It sells non-alcoholic beverages via its wide-reaching global distribution system to over 200 countries. Its recent 10% acquisition of Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, and long-term relationship with the company will help add a kicker to Coca-cola’s growth. It is now selling at 18% discount according to Morningstar. Value Line projects KO’s price to be in the range of $50 to $60 by 2016-18. That is an upside of 31.8% to 58%, while starting with a yield over 3%, as Coca-cola is expected to raise its dividends in Q1 2014. See Value Line’s full report on KO (pdf).
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Get Your Credit Card to Work for You

When using a credit card, it can feel you aren’t using real money, and as a result you might spend more than you intended to. So, some people opt out of using credit cards altogether. However, the more important thing is to stay in control of your spending. Distinguish between needs and wants and never spend more than you earn. This way, you would never run out of money, and be able to save some and invest some.

If you will only use your credit cards to buy what you need most of the time and occasionally buy a Starbucks coffee, you should be fine. Just remember to pay in full every month. This way, you don’t lose out on the interests. I don’t know about you, but my credit card charges 21% on the interest! The market returns an average of just 10% a year.

If you’re afraid you’ll miss the payment to your credit card, you can set up an auto-payment to ensure your bill is paid automatically from your chequing account.

Using credit cards help in building your credit history. If you have a good solid history, it’ll be easier and may get better rates when you do need to get a loan (perhaps a mortgage?). You shouldn’t apply for tonnes of credit cards either. Only apply one when you need one.

Factors which Influence your Credit Score

  • payment history: 35%
  • amount of outstanding debt: 30%
  • length of credit history: 15%
  • new credit: 10%
  • types of credit used: 10%

Credit Score Rating Scale

300-559 560-659 660-724 745-759 760-900
Poor Fair Good Very good Excellent

Reference: local metro paper – 2013 issue

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Sold some Rogers Communications Shares to Add to 2 Core Holdings

Last week, I sold most of my shares in Rogers Communications (TSE:RCI.B) to add to my Enbridge (NYSE:ENB) and Union Pacific (NYSE:UNP). I sold Rogers at a little over breakeven. This reduces my exposure to the Canadian telecom sector which the Canadian government has obvious interest in increasing competition in. I’m still holding positions in all 3 telecoms: Rogers Communications, BCE (TSE:BCE), and Telus (TSE:T), with my biggest position in Telus. This sector makes up about 6.4% of my portfolio, and I’m comfortable with that. If the sector drops again, I will probably add to my Telus position because it is the most dividend investor friendly as I’ve mentioned in my previous article, Identifying Core Holdings in my Whistler Income Portfolio.

Why I Chose to Add to Enbridge

Adding shares in Enbridge helps diversify my portfolio and dividend income from the Oil and Gas Industry. My only other core holding in this industry is Chevron (NYSE:CVX).

Here are some other reasons to support my choice of adding to Enbridge:

1) Financially Strong with a S&P rating of A-

2) Good Dividend Yield and Dividend Growth

Enbridge’s yield of 3.1% is higher than 2.8% (1.5x the SPY’s yield of 1.87%).

Enbridge’s dividend yield and its growth pass the Chowder Rule, which states adding yield to dividend growth rate [DGR] is expected to be 12% or higher. 3.1 + 13.8 = 16.9%

yield: 3.1% (at $41.45 per share)

3-year DGR: 14%

5-year DGR: 13.8%

3) Valuation gives Enbridge 4 stars, indicating it’s undervalued, and gives it a fair value estimation of $53. That is a 14% discount if you’re buying on the Toronto Stock Exchange with Jan 29, 2014 closing price of $46.35. That is a 27% discount if you’re buying on the New York Stock Exchange with Jan 29, 2014 closing price of $41.45.

However, Value Line doesn’t expect Enbridge to have much upside for the next 2 years. It estimates Enbridge to return 1-3% annually for the 2016 – 2018 projection. For further insight, you maybe able to visit your local library to access the December 6, 2013 Value Line report.

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Identifying Core Holdings in my Whistler Income and Growth Portfolio: Reflection on Seeking Alpha article commentary

Finally, I made my income and growth portfolio public (on the Seeking Alpha website). To do this in an easy to understand manner for myself, I decided to label my holdings as core, non-core, and speculative. I thought my core holdings would make up a big part of my portfolio, but instead, it was only 63%. To add to that, currently, 13% is in the Canadian banks (Royal Bank, and Scotiabank), and 11% is in Canadian telecoms (Bell, Telus, and Rogers).

Here’s a glimpse of my core holdings:
income and growth portfolio core holdings

Other than identifying the core holdings in my portfolio, I also decided to label them for income, for growth, or for both. This helps me in determining whether I’m buying a stock for capital gain or income. If it’s one for income, then, I shouldn’t be selling the stock as long as the income keeps coming, better yet, to keep growing by way of annual dividend increases of course. If a holding is for growth, then, my intention was to sell for a capital gain eventually. These growth holdings may also pay a dividend while I wait. However, I hope to continue holding my core holdings for as long as fundamentals stay strong. I just need to focus on buying at the right valuation.

I hope in identifying my cores and non-cores that I will trade less. I notice in Q4 2013, I traded 29 times. That is $290. And that eats into my returns.

The commentary that followed in my article was very informative for me as a Canadian indeed. Some suggested Canadian stocks I could look at (other than the common big 5 banks and the 3 big telecoms). Suggestions include some Canadian REITs. To my surprise, I also learned that some Canadians are holding US REITs in their RRSP account and there’s NO WITHHOLDING TAX on the distributions. Those US REITs include MPW, OHI, ARCP, and O. Further, Kinder Morgan (NYSE:KMI), if held in the RRSP is also mentioned to have no withholding tax on the distribution.

Someone pointed out that I maybe over-diversifying by holding the 3 telecoms. With possible competition entering the Canadian telecom market, I might as well be holding 3 Canadian banks instead of 3 telecoms. I think what I’ll do is to see how much the dividend is raised in Q1 2014 for Rogers, and decide from there, as Rogers is my biggest holding out of the 3 telecoms. I might just switch out of (at least some) Rogers for more Telus shares. I was just looking at the 3 telecoms’ dividend policies, and Telus seems to be the most dividend-friendly. It already has is dividend dates laid out for 2014 and it expects to have the semi-annual dividend increases until 2016, with intended 10% annual increases. (The above given the board approves at the time.)

In my opinion, the most intelligent comment I made in the whole comment stream, was
“I wish I were more defensive from day 1 [of investing]. Preservation of capital is the utmost important. And then, comes to maintaining purchasing power. Third would be thinking about income and growth.”
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